▬ Mechanicals, photographs, and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used. Also called finished art and reproduction copy.
► Camera-ready copy
▬ Printed items require a higher resolution than items viewed on a screen. This resolution, 300dpi, is required for printed items. Computers are only able to display 72dpi on screen, so a 72dpi image may look okay when viewed at 100% on your monitor but it will print fuzzy. When zoomed in at 200% or higher, a picture that is displayed with 300dpi will look sharper than a picture displayed with 72dpi. Images saved for the web can be 72dpi.
▬ The original physical materials, including photos, graphic images, text and other components needed to produce a printed piece. Can also now refer to the electronic or digital components needed for preparing a printed piece for production on a press or copier.
► Basis weight
▬ Basis or basic weight refers to the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to a given standard size for that particular paper grade.
► Back Up
▬ How an image on one side of a printed sheet aligns with the image on the other side.
▬ Any element that extends up to or past the edge of a printed page.
▬ A grade of durable writing, printing and typing paper that is erasable and somewhat rigid.
► Case Binding
▬ Books bound using hard board (case) covers.
► Carbonless Paper
▬ Paper that is chemically treated to transfer the impression from the first page to the subsequent pages. See Carbonless NCR Form Printing for more detailed info.
► Clip Art
▬ Graphic images, designs, and artwork in digital form that can be used in a digital document.
► Coil Binding
▬ Where a metal or plastic wire is spiraled through holes punched along the side of a stack of paper. Commonly used for reports, proposals and manuals. Documents bound with coil have the ability to lay flat and can rotate 360 degrees. Also called spiral binding.
▬ To gather sheets or printed signatures together in their correct order.
► Comb Binding
▬ Binding a stack of paper together by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb into holes punched along one of the edges. Commonly used for catalogs, reports and manuals.
▬ The degree of tonal separation or gradation in the range from black to white.
▬ A term describing a general type of paper used for the covers of books, pamphlets, etc., also used for business cards and postcards.
► Die Cutting
▬ The process of cutting paper in a shape or design by the use of a wooden die or block in which are positioned steel rules in the shape of the desired pattern.
► Digital Proof
▬ Color separation data is digitally stored and then exposed to color photographic paper creating a picture of the final product before it is actually printed with ink.
▬ The drilling of holes into paper for ring or comb binding.
► Drop Shadow
▬ A shadow image placed offset behind an image to create the affect of the image lifting off the page.
▬ To reduce the size of an image.
▬ The characters which make up a complete typeface and size.
▬ Applying thin transparent plastic sheets to both sides of a sheet of paper, providing scuff resistance, waterproofing and extended use.
▬ A document layout where the width is greater than the height. (the opposite of Portrait)
▬ A rendition that shows the placement of all the elements, images, thumbnails etc., of a final printed piece.
▬ A paper that emulates the look and texture of linen cloth.
▬ A personalized type or design symbol for a company or product.
► M weight
▬ The actual weight of 1000 sheets of any given size of paper.
▬ Paper that is used in the press set-up process before the printing run actually starts. Or the process of setting up press or bindery equipment to produce a specific product, including setting paper size, ink density, image alignment, fold sizes, etc., in preparation for the actual production run.
▬ A term to describe papers that have a color similar to that of wood, also called cream, off-white or ivory.
► Offset Printing
▬ The most commonly used printing method, where the printed material does not receive ink directly from a printing plate but from an intermediary blanket that receives the ink from the plate and then transfers it to the paper.
► Offset Paper
▬ A term for sometimes used for uncoated book paper.
▬ A hard finished paper that emulates animal skin used for documents, such as awards, that require writing by hand.
▬ A method of binding books whereby holes are drilled on the spine, and a plastic grasping device is inserted to hold the pages together.
▬ A document layout in which the height is greater than the width. (the opposite of Landscape)
► Press Check
▬ When a client visits a printing company to view actual printed sheets of their project before a full production press run is started.
► Quote or Quotation
▬ A price estimate to produce a specific printed piece, frequently with custom attributes not priceable in standard online pricing tools.
▬ 500 sheets of paper.
► Right angle fold
▬ A term that denotes folds that are 90 degrees to each other.
► Running head
▬ A title at the top of a page that appears on all pages of a book or chapter of a book.
▬ To crease paper with a metal rule for the purpose of making folding easier.
► Spiral bind
▬ A type of binding where a metal or plastic wire is spiraled through holes drilled along the binding side of a document.
► Text paper
▬ A high quality light weight printing paper.
▬ A spelling mistake in printed material resulting from a mistake in typing or setting type.
▬ A term used to describe how many similar pieces can be printed on a larger sheet; two up, four up, etc.
▬ A finish of paper that is somewhat bulky and is slightly rough.
▬ A translucent mark or image that is embossed during the paper-making process, or printed onto paper, which is visible when the paper is held up to the light.
► writing paper
▬ Another name for bond paper.
▬ Normally refers to envelope amounts, i.e., one box contains 500 envelopes while a case contains 2500 envelopes (see 'case' for more info).
▬ Normally refers to amount of envelopes, i.e., one case contains 2500 envelopes (five boxes) while a box contains 500 envelopes (see 'box' for more info).
Click a letter to go to that section in the list: